Role of technology in education

How technology is shaping the future of education | Education 4.0

Thinking about technology, what is the first thought which strikes our minds? Mostly it is, what people used to do when technology was not there? When we sit down with the elderly generation and listen to their stories, how they used to walk miles just to attend school, goosebumps is what we get!

Technology is making our lives easier, and now if we think that we can live without technology, we would be fooling ourselves. Can you imagine yourself walking miles to attend school? Would travelling be so easy? Life without the internet, can you imagine that? Ain’t possible! And all of this has been possible just because of advancements in technology.

Today, there is just no field left where technology has not been impactful. From roads to travel to a household to entertainment; technology is playing a crucial part. Technology has simply made our lives easier.

The most recent enthral of technology is in the education industry in the form of Education 4.0. This has given rise to some interesting and innovative ways of learning. Long gone are the days when one used to sit in front of books and try to understand the ‘bookish’ language.

Education 4.0, as experts term it, is the future of education and learning that is a result of technology integration in the field and aims to make the students future ready. Education 4.0 makes use of tools and methodologies like blended learning and flipped classrooms, to impart not only knowledge, but develop their skills through practical exposure and experiential learning. It emphasises the need for preparing students for future projects, training and jobs through outside the classroom learning and incorporating field work related aspects into the existing curriculum.

Finally, one can get rid of those prosaic methods of learning. Today’s world is the digital world and the generation is the digital generation. In this world of internet, nothing is impossible to learn – if you set your mind at something, you can learn it.

Let us look at how technology has transformed the education system in the past few years.

Smart Classes
Schools and colleges are shifting to smart classes, where the concepts are explained with the help of visual aids. Reading from a book only leads to extrapolation. To understand the basic concepts and learn, one needs to see exactly how things function. It is just like, one cannot learn without proper exposure.
Smart classes have made it easier for the students to learn even the toughest of topics. Imagine learning the Bernoulli’s theorem in an easy and interactive way! Surely, those who have studied physics can understand the feeling.
With the integration of technology in schools, it has become easier for teachers to involve students in lesson learning. In colleges, professors are teaching through the use of presentations because learning is not a one-book process.

E-learning
You must have heard about Khan Academy or BYJU’s or Unacademy. All of these are E-learning brands.
What is E-learning? To put it in simple terms, e-learning is learning through the use of electronic technologies – another aspect of Education 4.0. In a classroom of 40 students, the learning speed of every student is different. Some grasp everything in one go, but some take time. It might get tedious for teachers to make every student understand a concept at the same pace.
As a solution to this, the e-learning brands provide educational curriculum for imparting outside the classroom knowledge. In these e-learning applications or platforms, there are lectures uploaded by the teachers, explaining every concept in detail. They also upload tests and quizzes regularly to enable better understanding for the students. Not only this, there are apps from which one can study for top exams like UPSC or railways or NDA.
If you want to learn something and have the zeal to gain knowledge, these apps are just a click away.

edX & MOOC
edX is a digital platform that provides online courses at university level. edX was created by Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the year 2012.
In edX, there are some free of cost courses available from top universities like Stanford, Harvard and MIT. Imagine sitting at home and doing courses which are provided by Ivy league universities. They provide courses in a number of disciplines like programming, business, and science, among others.
MOOC is an extension of edX. MOOC stands for Massive Open Online Course. In this era of digitalisation, it is time that the education system also become digital. Earlier when people wanted to pursue distance learning courses, the only option was through correspondence courses. With MOOC coming into the picture, one can pursue online courses in a plethora of fields. All the study material for MOOCs is provided through the internet.

Online Entrance Examination
Another transformation that Education 4.0 is bringing is the whay the exams and assessments are conducted. The time has come when even exams are held via online portals. Initially, the entrance exams were held through the use of pen and paper.
Technology is creating a huge difference in the education system. A positive difference! Learning has become so easy through technology and other means of electronics. Today, we can keep track of every student and every learner. A person can learn from professors of top universities by just sitting at his/her home.

In the coming times, e-learning is going to be an important aspect of our lives as the impact of Education 4.0 rises. Knowledge is one thing everyone wants to gain, through technology we now get to learn things anytime, anywhere. Every piece of information we want to attain is on the internet. We just need to be curious enough to learn!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can technology replace teachers in the modern education system?
No, technology cannot replace teachers in the modern education system. All the technologies available are just helping the teachers and students in making their work easier. A teacher is a guide who moulds the thinking and learning of students. Education is nothing without a guide.

Why technology is important in classrooms?
There are times when some old school methods of education become mundane and some concepts seem difficult to understand without visual aids. That is when technology becomes important, for better learning and understanding of a concept.

What types of technology are used in classrooms?
Few types of technologies that are used in classrooms nowadays are:

  1. Projectors
  2. Mobile learning
  3. Laptops and tablets and computers
  4. Visual Aids

What are some E-learning brands?
Some of the popular e-learning brands are:

  1. BYJU’s
  2. Unacademy
  3. Dexler Education
  4. Edukart
  5. Khan Academy

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