Mining in India is one of the most important industries. It not only provides jobs to a number of people but also has a great impact on our GDP. India is rich in minerals and is an exporter of minerals to a large part of the world. In India, there is the availability of both metallic and non-metallic minerals.
In India sheet mica is in abundance, it is also the largest producer of the same. Other minerals like iron ore, alumina, kromite and bauxite are in ample quantity. States like Chhattisgarh and Goa are rich in minerals. Chhattisgarh produces around 20% of the cement produced in India. Goa has about 1000 million tons of iron ore reserve. These two states have a huge mining industry.
India is an exporter of around 84 minerals. There are around 3,100 mines. Which includes around 550 fuel mines, 560 mines for metals, and around 1970 mines are for the extraction of non-metals.
Mining engineering in India is among the best courses, with bounteous scopes. Because of the abundance of resources available in India, there is a need for mining engineers. With the increasing demand for sustainable development, it is now necessary to have qualified personnel. Who can help in techniques required to extract minerals without damaging the environment? And also, keeping in mind future requirements.
What are the works of mining engineers? Are they supposed to work in mines? Well no, there are a number of things which needs to be taken control of, like:
- Designing the structure and plane of open-pit and underground mines.
- Supervise all the operations which are undertaken in the mine.
- Supervising methods for transporting minerals to the various processing plants.
- Taking care of the environmental damage being caused by mining. Help in minimizing the damage.
- Taking care of production rates.
With advancements now, there are new technologies coming which helps in mining processes. Some of the methods which are emerging are:
Automation: Mining engineers are developing new technologies to make life easier for miners. Now there are automated trucks and drills to work in the most difficult areas.
X-Ray Diffraction: This technique helps in identifying the nature of the mineral. Also, the densities in which the samples are present can be checked.
Sensor-based sorting: The commercially important minerals can be now sorted easily with sensors. This helps in increased productivity.
All these advancements are because of the mining engineers. As they are working hard to make mining processes easier.
In India, there are a number of colleges which offer B.Tech in mining. One of the institutes which offer this course is University of Petroleum and Energy Sciences (UPES). UPES is one of the most reputed universities in the country.
They take into consideration all the upcoming technologies. The curriculum includes advanced subjects like robotics in mining, mineral quality analytics, and sustainable mining. The university provides all the possible exposure to its students. The labs are well equipped with the latest pieces of equipment.
With the increasing demand for sustainable mining, it is now necessary to have professionals, who are equipped with knowledge about mining. Latest technologies like robotic drills, drones, blasting technologies, and increasing demand for lithium-ion batteries are all because of mining engineers. They are making a new mining world. More environmental friendly mining methods are coming and there is no end to this.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What are the subjects in mining engineering?
The subject of mining is diverse and encompasses a host of various subjects. The basic foundation subjects include domains like geology, physics, chemistry, environmental studies, mathematics and economics. Some of the specialised topics of education include rock fragmentation and mechanics, mine design, mine ventilation, surveying, mineral processing and resource law.
What can I do after mining engineering?
Mining Engineers are trained professionals adept in performing functions related to the concepts of surveying, exploration, planning, cost estimation, extraction and processing of minerals, metals and other natural resources from the earth. Waste material management, environmental protection/rehabilitation and project management are also key areas of employment.
Is there a demand for mining engineers in the future?
Simply put, there are way too many resources that can only be acquired through mining. There is constant demand both within India and worldwide for metals (iron, manganese, copper), non-metals (coal, gold, silver, diamonds), and aggregates (limestone for gravel, concrete, etc). All these resources perform vital functions across a host of industries.